Quality and Safety of Healthcare in 24 Hours Pharmacies in France

All the 24 hours pharmacies in France regulated using the same quality and safety principles. In addition, hospital Pharmacy Services are designed to match with primary needs of all patients. Often, pharmacy services are meant to include dispensing of pharmaceuticals in line with regulations set by the regulatory authority(s) country in a country. To add on that, pharmacies ( pharmacie garde ) are also expected to implement appropriate inventory maintenance functions, drug monitoring, ensuring effective patient drug assessment functions, keeping proper records, conducting drug information and education services, and enhancing performance advancement functions.

For most 24 hours pharmacies in France, a foundation of principle strategies is to be implemented together with strong management programs. This will lead to measurable operating results due to the nonstop maintenance and improvement of quality programs. To ensure that the best standards of quality and safety principles are implemented, pharmacies should not take a retrospective approach.

In order to achieve proper healthcare quality and safety in 24 hours pharmacies in France, the following must be guaranteed:

  • A collection of regulatory procedures appropriate to operations and activities in a number of areas. These application areas include but not limited to: approvals to practice or set up equipment, organization of public and private healthcare facilities, technical working conditions in high-risk sectors, and monitoring of the utilization of healthcare products.

  • Numerous sector-specific scrutinizing programs that are used to identify adverse effects associated with the use of healthcare products and unfavorable treatment-related incidents and events;

  • Regulatory authorities organized in every region to facilitate on-site compliance verifications and inspections. This enhances the quality of services offered to patients across all pharmacies irrespective of location within France.

  • A certification system for healthcare facilities should be implemented in order t have sanity on practice by pharmacies in France.

  • The application of best-practice recommendations for healthcare professionals as formulated by national authorities regulating healthcare quality and safety. These authorities are mainly

    Haute Autorité de Santé and Haut Conseil de Santé Publique and they are approved by the state department of health in France to control the quality and safety and health care offered to patients by pharmacies.

  • Granting authorization to state universities and colleges to offer certified degree programs that grant legitimacy to exercise health care activities to pharmacy professions. In addition, the government ensures that established programs are compliant with quality and safety standards.

  • Creation of a region-by-region healthcare plan which has a range of healthcare networks in medical and surgical disciplines. This will help in gathering more information about reported medical cases as well as recommending viable remedies.

  • Formulating a subsequent-authorization system that is activated when setting up high-risk care and specialties, as well as major medical tools and equipment.

  • Compliance verification before starting new facilities, beginning new any medical activities, or rolling out major equipment or new treatment locations;

  • Avoiding systems that incorporate regulatory reporting requirements for health products, blood transfusions, transplants and biological therapies, hospital-acquired infections, the medical utilization of ionizing radiation and research activities;

  • Ensuring obligatory certification for healthcare facilities is done. This will be done to assess the implementation of the facility’s specific standards and recommendations.

  • Availing optional accreditation for high-risk specialties operating 24 hours pharmacies in France.

  • Areas considered to have a high risk should have Quality assurance systems have been rolled out. Examples of systems that have to be implemented are treatment-related infections, medication circuit within the facility, cancer detection programs, and radiotherapy.

  • Having Regional expertise and support systems in place. That will aid healthcare facilities in inhibiting and combating care-related infections.

  • Impromptu or planned on-site verifications and inspections to measure any departures from the established standards and proposals. These site visit enhance service delivery by workers in all set ups. In addition, quality services are upheld and treated as minimum standards of operation.

  • Maintaining databases on activities in every healthcare facility. This will permit government authorities to watch over the billing of the care provided by all the pharmacies.

  • Updating databases on all the activities and where applicable, prescriptions written by independent health professionals, including dispensary pharmacists, so that the French healthcare authorities can conduct targeted verifications. This data can be also be used for auditing as may be deemed necessary be medical regulators and authorities. Crucial mechanisms used to pinpoint non-compliances with the established quality and safety of care standards.

  • France’s Regional Health Agency, Agences Régionales de Santé/ ARS, mostly deal with any complaints and grievances that may be submitted by patients and their families, professionals, and members of the public, and investigate on-site when necessary and make reports.

  • Specific risks such as incorrect health products, medical use of ionizing radiation, care-related infections, and medically-assisted reproduction should be dealt with by specialized medical agencies. Many of these prevention systems accept reports from third parties and patients.

  • Authenticity of healthcare facilities and professionals should be conducted using appropriate systems. There should be a formal scrutiny of pharmacy professionals in order to practice. Competent authorities such as professional associations, and the ARS should be closely involved in implementing the approval, updating mechanism and publishing a list of healthcare professionals who are authorized to practice.

At the same time, pharmacists and other health care providers have been working under pressure from consumers, legislators and insurance organizations. In most cases, this pressure is aimed at improving the efficiency and quality of their services. Quality and safety assurance programs provide necessary tools for effectively implementing and systemizing quality practice in the pharmacy department and dentists ( geo allo ). Doing so helps in creating an environment that promotes unending quality improvement for the pharmacy profession.

Such programs are important for any pharmacist endeavoring to organize and coordinate an effective quality assurance program in any health care institution. Pharmacists should hope that the content of this article will be used as a guide to achieving new quality tool. In addition, it will improve teaching and practices of medical studies in the School of Medicine, Nursing, and Pharmacy in state universities and colleges.